Bilevel Optimization Without Tears


  • Jesús-Adolfo Mejía-de-Dios
  • Efrén Mezura-Montes


This tutorial offers a gentle introduction to bilevel optimization (BO) by using practical examples but highlighting the main differences between BO and other traditional optimization tasks such as global optimization, constrained optimization and multi-, many-objective optimization. A bird's-eye view describing mathematical-programming-based and also metaheuristic-based approaches is considered as well. Finally, an online resource will be provided to the attendees so they can write and solve their own BO problem (

Jesús-Adolfo Mejía-de-Dios is a PhD student from Artificial Intelligence Research Center at University of Veracruz (CIIA-UV). He received the BSc degree in mathematics from University of Veracruz and obtained the master's degree with honors in Artificial Intelligence from CIIA-UV. His research interests include Numerical Analysis, Bilevel Optimization and Intelligent Computing.
Efrén Mezura-Montes is a full-time researcher with the Artificial Intelligence Research Center at the University of Veracruz, MEXICO. His research interests are the design, analysis and application of bio-inspired algorithms to solve complex optimization problems. He has published over 150 papers in peer-reviewed journals and conferences. He also has two edited book and over 11 book chapters published by international publishing companies. From his work, Google Scholar reports over 6,800 citations.

Dr. Mezura-Montes is a member of the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society Evolutionary Computation Technical Committee and he is the founder of the IEEE Computational Intelligence Society task force on Nature-Inspired Constrained Optimization. He is a member of the IEEE Systems Man and Cybernetics Society Soft Computing Technical Committee. He is also regular member of the Machine Intelligence Research Labs (MIR Labs).

Dr. Mezura-Montes is a Level-2 member of the Mexican National Researchers System (SNI). Moreover, Dr. Mezura-Montes is a regular member of the Mexican Academy of Sciences (AMC), a regular member of the Mexican Computing Academy (AMEXCOMP) and also a member of the academic technical committee of the Mexican Science Council (CONACyT) Collaboration network on Applied Computational Intelligence.